SWICOFIL - Yarn and fiber expert.

WEAVING

Weaving is and has been a popular technique throughout history. Learn more about its characteristics and its subsystems with Swicofil, your global yarn and fiber expert. 
Originally done by hand, the weaving technique dates back to 1800 BC. It was only in 1785 when Edmond Cartwright invented the first mechanical weaving loom. It was later on further developed by Joseph Marie Jacquard, enabling to weave complicated patterns without much additional effort as single heddles could be operated.

 
Weaving fabrics by various systems.
When speaking of weaving, there are various different looms or systems. One can weave by waterjet, airjet, gripper or projectile weaving. Furthermore, there is also shuttle weaving or then narrow weaving.

All those systems have in common that they have two thread systems, warp (parallel) and weft (crosswise). Requirements for yarns that go into warp differ from those requirements for yarns that go into weft. Yarns for warp need a higher tenacity or resistance to forces applied than yarns in weft, which are shot around in the shed. 

WEAVING PATTERNS

Atlas Satin Weave
Atlas Weave
  • fine smooth surface
  • tight structure on one face
  • soft
Leno Weave
Leno Weave
  • special setting for better slipping resistance of open lattice fabrics
Tabby Weave
Tabby Weave
  • most common pattern
  • good slipping resistance
  • closed fabric apperance
  • low fraying during confection
Twill Weave
Twill Weave
  • diagonal weave rib
  • soft and well ductile
  • good soaking characteristic
  • high thread density possible than in canvas tabby weave
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